Search Box

Monday, August 17, 2015

Remembering and Forgetting

Memory: The Weirdest Ever Fact is Actually True, Study Reveals 

Jeremy Dean | April 3, 2015

New memory discovery seems depressing but when you think about it is actually critical to useful recall.
Recalling one memory actually leads to the forgetting of other competing memories, a new study confirms.
 It is one of the single most surprising facts about memory, now isolated by neuroscience research.

<more at; related links: (Retrieval induces adaptive forgetting of competing memories via cortical pattern suppression. Nature Neuroscience 18, 582–589 (2015) doi:10.1038/nn.3973. Maria Wimber, Arjen Alink, Ian Charest, Nokolaus Kriegekorte & Michael C. Anderson. [Abstract: Remembering a past experience can, surprisingly, cause forgetting. Forgetting arises when other competing traces interfere with retrieval and inhibitory control mechanisms are engaged to suppress the distraction they cause. This form of forgetting is considered to be adaptive because it reduces future interference. The effect of this proposed inhibition process on competing memories has, however, never been observed, as behavioral methods are 'blind' to retrieval dynamics and neuroimaging methods have not isolated retrieval of individual memories. We developed a canonical template tracking method to quantify the activation state of individual target memories and competitors during retrieval. This method revealed that repeatedly retrieving target memories suppressed cortical patterns unique to competitors. Pattern suppression was related to engagement of prefrontal regions that have been implicated in resolving retrieval competition and, critically, predicted later forgetting. Thus, our findings demonstrate a cortical pattern suppression mechanism through which remembering adaptively shapes which aspects of our past remain accessible.] and (Memory and Recall: 10 Amazing Facts You Should Know. October 31, 2012)>

No comments:

Post a Comment