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Tuesday, June 30, 2015

"Reading" the Mind

Scientists Devise Way To Read Your Mind

Mary Nichols | June 29, 2015

Scientists have developed a way to read your mind -- and they don't even have to listen.
The process involves analyzing brain waves and interpreting them as words and complete sentences of continuous speech, writes The New Zealand Herald.

<more at; related links: (Scientists 'read' minds in test trial; Brainwaves show activity of words being formed which can be decoded into speech) and (Brain-to-text: decoding spoken phrases from phone representations in the brain) [Abstract: It has long been speculated whether communication between humans and machines based on natural speech related cortical activity is possible. Over the past decade, studies have suggested that it is feasible to recognize isolated aspects of speech from neural signals, such as auditory features, phones or one of a few isolated words. However, until now it remained an unsolved challenge to decode continuously spoken speech from the neural substrate associated with speech and language processing. Here, we show for the first time that continuously spoken speech can be decoded into the expressed words from intracranial electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings.Specifically, we implemented a system, which we call Brain-To-Text that models single phones, employs techniques from automatic speech recognition (ASR), and thereby transforms brain activity while speaking into the corresponding textual representation. Our results demonstrate that our system can achieve word error rates as low as 25% and phone error rates below 50%. Additionally, our approach contributes to the current understanding of the neural basis of continuous speech production by identifying those cortical regions that hold substantial information about individual phones. In conclusion, the Brain-To-Text system described in this paper represents an important step toward human-machine communication based on imagined speech.]>

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